THD and mucopexy: Efficacy and controversy

Abudeeb H., Ugwu A., Darabnia J. et al.
Annals of Medicine and Surgery 21 (2017) 89-92

Transanal haemorrhoidal dearterialisation and mucopexy has evolved in recent years as a popular minimally invasive non-excisional surgery for symptomatic prolapsing haemorrhoids. The long-term outcome of this procedure however, remains to be established. We aim to analyse the long-term outcome of THD-mucopexy in the management of prolapsing haemorrhoids based on the evidence of a prospective data from a single institution.

A prospective data was collected on 100 consecutive cases of grade 3 and 4 symptomatic haemorrhoids between the period 03/2010 and 06/2015 who underwent the procedure as a day case under general anaesthetic. Overall median follow up was for two years with average age of 54.4 ranges from 34 to 79 and gender ratio of 61% Male and 39% Female. Pre-and postoperative symptoms were assessed with a view to evaluate the nature of complications and long-term recurrence rate.


THD mucopexy is a safe and effective minimally invasive modality for prolapsing symptomati haemorrhoids with acceptable complication rates and a recurrence rate of 13% majority of which could be dealt with a repeat procedure. Long terms follow up and randomised (THD VS Haemorrhoidectomy) multicentre trials are warranted to compare its efficacy with that of conventional excisional surgery.